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Pitf-man- Robertson Fills The Hunter's Bag 
The Day The Possum Is King 
Dialogue In A Duel 



GEORGIA GAME AND FISH 

Published twice annually by the Georgia Game and Fish Commission in the 
interest of wildlife and for fishermen, hunters, nature lovers, and conservationists. 



STATE OF GEORGIA 




" Brags '*« 

ERNEST VANDIVER, Governor 

COMMISSIONERS 

William E. Smith, Americus — Chairman, Third District, 

J. T. Trapnell, Metter Flannery Pope, Dublin 

First District Sixth District 

Richard Tift, Albany J. B. Langford, Jr., Calhoun 

Second District Seventh District 

William Z. Camp, Newnan Harley Langdale, Valdosta 

Fourth District Eighth District 

C. L. Davidson, Jr. Billy Wikle, Clarkesville 

Avondale Estates Ninth District 

Fifth District Leonard Bassford, Augusta 

Tenth District 

Jimmie Williamson, Darien, Coastal Area 

FULTON LOVELL, Director 

DIVISION CHIEFS 

Clifford P. Palmer Enforcement 

Jack Crockford Game Management 

Bob Short Education and Information 

Howard Zeller Fish Management 

Robert Busby __License 

A. P. Cannon ^Executive Assistant 

Vennie M. Jones _ Bookkeeping 

George Creal Personnel 

FEDERAL AID DIVISIONS 
Jack Crockford Pittman-Robertson 

Howard Zeller Dingell-Johiwon 



IN THIS ISSUE 

Page 

Pittman-Robertson . . . Fills the Hunter's Bag- _ 4 

How to Succeed at Camp Cooking _ 6 

The Day the 'Possum is King 8 

Hunting Regulations and Bag Limits.. __10 

Chattahoochee Forecast-- I I 

Hearts of the Hunters 14 

Dialogue in a Duel _ 16 

Short Casts & Pot Shots __19 

What's Ahead for Wildlife Conservation 20 

Boating With David Gould _ _ 22 

The Hunters' Ethics 2 I 

Ranger Bob's Nimrod's Notebook _ 25 

Youth Afield 26 

Bob( at Saint or Sinner? '2 n 



EDITORIAL OFFICES— 401 State Capitol, Atlanta 3, Georgia 



BOB SHORT 

Editor 



RICHARD RAMSAUR 

Assistant Editor 



NANCY BELK 
Circulation 



HUNTING EDITION 



Vol. 11, No. 2 



Published by the Georgia Game and Fish Commission, 401 State Capitol, Atlanta 3, Georgia, in the interest of Georgia wildlife and for fishermen, 
hunters, nature lovers and conservation of natural resources. There is no subscription fee — this publication is free and is paid for by the purchase 
of fishing and hunting licenses. Please notify us at once of any change of address. Contents of this magazine may be reprinted with proper credit. 
This publication welcomes pictures, drawings, stories and articles dealing with out door subjects for consideration. No contributions will be returned 
■elicited by authorized party representing Game & Fish Commission and accompanied by sufficient postage. Entered as third class postage. 



(? 









PR CELEBRATES 25th BIRTHDAY 



The need for adequate financing of wildlife restoration 
projects in the United States was forcefully brought to 
the Nation's attention by the severe drought of the early 
thirties. At that time, the North American waterfowl 
population was in extreme danger due to the shortage of 
well-watered nesting, breeding and feeding areas. A crash 
program by the U. S. Government for the purchase and 
development of several million acres of land and water 
for waterfowl refuge eased the situation. 

At the same time, the States were beginning to realize 
more and more that while the responsibility for manage- 
ment of waterfowl and other migratory birds rested in the 
Federal Government, the States also had a big stake in 
the Nation's waterfowl and that each individual State 
was solely responsible for management of its resident 
wildlife. Unfortunately, most States lacked the necessary 
funds for effective wildlife restoration programs. Money 
was needed for research, for management, and for the 
purchase and development of land and water areas. 

This need for additional funds at the State level was 
a prime topic for discussion at the first North American 
Wildlife Conference held in Washington, D. C., during 
February 1936. Congress was then considering the aboli- 
tion of certain excise taxes, including that on sporting 
arms and ammunition. Farsighted individuals in and 
out of Congress, concerned over the future of wildlife 
and public hunting, conceived the idea of having the 
excise tax on sporting arms and ammunition continued, 
but with proceeds going into a special fund to be dis- 
tributed to the States to pay for needed wildlife restora- 
tion rather than into general funds. 

Such a proposal was presented to the International 
Association of Game, Fish and Conservation Commis- 
sioners at its annual meeting in 1936. The Association 
gave hearty endorsement to the proposal, as did the 
National Wildlife Federation at its meeting in March 
1937. The draft of the original Pittman-Robertson Bill 
was prepared by Mr. Carl D. Shoemaker, Secretary of 
the Senate Special Committee on Wildlife who also served 
as Secretary of the National Wildlife Federation. 

The Bill was sponsored in the Congress by the late Sen- 
ator Key Pittman of Nevada and Senator (then Repre- 
sentative) A. Willis Robertson of Virginia. 

The Bill was ably presented and supported and it passed 
the Congress without opposition. It was signed by Presi- 
dent Franklin D. Roosevelt on September 2, 1937. Many 
people were active in supporting the measure as well 
as members of the Congress. Chiefly among these were 
Mr. T. E. Doremus of the DuPont Chemical Company, 
the late F. M. Olin of Winchester-Western Arms Com- 
pany, Mr. Charles L. Horn of Federal Cartridge Com- 
pany, Mr. M. Hartley Dodge and Mr. C. K. Davis of 
Remington Arms Company, and Dr. Ira N. Gabrielson, 
Chief. Bureau of Biological Survey. 

I he new legislation known as the Federal Aid in 
Wildlife Restoration Act, became effective <>n Julv 1. 




By FULTON LOVELL 
Director 



1938. Commonly known as the Pittman-Robertson Act, 
the program is administered by the Bureau of Sport 
Fisheries and Wildlife of the U. S. Department of the 
Interior. 

Under the terms of the Act, project costs are borne 
initially by the State game departments. Reimbursement 
from Federal funds for completed work is made for the 
Federal pro rata share, which cannot exceed 75 percent 
of the cost of each project. The States are required to 
contribute 25 percent or more of project costs from 
their regular funds. 

The first funds became available to the States on July 
1. 1938. The first approved P-R project was submitted by 
Utah for development of its Ogden Bay Waterfowl Area. 
During the period July 1, 1938 through June 30, 1961, a 
total of nearly $219,000,000 was apportioned to the States 
and Territories for wildlife restoration purposes. 

Out of the total funds made available since the incep- 
tion of the program 20.0 percent was obligated for land 
acquisition. 51.4 percent for development of habitat. 
23.3 percent for research, and 5.3 percent for coordina- 
tion. A total of 2,373,754 acres of land has been pur- 
chased by 47 States for wildlife restoration and public 
hunting purposes. 

Habitat improvements resulting from Pittman-Robert- 
son projects benefitting practically every species of game 
animal now cover vast areas of public and private lands. 
Land acquisition has made the intensive development 
and preservation of suitable wildlife habitat possible and 
has contributed greatly to the need and mounting de- 
mand for public hunting opportunities as the Nation's 
population increases. 

Projects now in operation range from acquisition and 
development of wetlands, acquisition and improvement 
for farm game, and research of virtually all species d 
game. 

As Ira N. Gabrielson, President of the Wildlife Man- 
agement Institute stated in his book on "Wildlife Man 
agement"- "This legislation has produced the first sem- 
blance of a national wildlife program in history . . . and 
... in fact, as time passes, it appears to be the most 
significant conservation legislation thai lias passed the 
I !ongress in main years." 

Ii should be recognized thai the hunter and the sports- 
man through payment <>f excise taxes on sporting arms 
and ammunition and 1>\ the purchase of hunting licenses 
is responsible for the accomplishments of the Pittman- 
Robertson program. Since the hunter pays the bill he is 
eniiiled to harvest the benefits— and he does. 



Pittman- Robertson 




Jack Crockford is 

Chief of Game Management and 

Pittman Roberson Coordinator 

for the Georgia Game & Fish Commission 



by Jack Crockford 



FILLS THE HUNTER'S 




Since 1937, sportsmen have been 
paying a Federal excise tax of 11 
cents on every dollar spent for sport- 
ing arms and ammunition. This tax 
was levied on sportsmen by an Act 
of Congress known as the Pittman - 
Robertson Act. It requires the Federal 
government to spend this money 
strengthening state game conserva- 
tion programs. What are Georgia 
sportsmen getting for their money? 
What are P-R personnel shooting at 
with these silver bullets.-' Let's take 
a good look at the first twenty-five 
years. 

P-R funds are apportioned to states 
based on area and numbers of paid 
license holders on a 75% federal — 
25% state share. P-R work began in 
earnest after World War II with an 
inventory of wildlife resources over 
the entire state. It was followed up 
with studies on mourning dove, squir- 
rel, deer, turkey, quail, ducks, marsh 
hen. and all species important to 
hunters. Revised habitat improve- 
ment practices were proposed and put 
into use on Game Management Areas. 
P-R enabled Georgia to employ a 
staff of trained game biologist- to 
conduct these studies. 

One of the toughest problems has 
been to keep abreast of land use 
changes in recent years. A vast acre- 
age of corn and cotton lias been 
converted into timber production. 
This change, along with a stronger ur- 
ban living trend, has produced a ma- 
jor shift in game habitat. Farm type 
game, such as quail and rabbit, are 
giving \\a\ to foresl game, such as 
deer and turkey. Realizing this. P-R 
launched an extensive deer stocking 
program. Todaj . there are established 
deer populations in all major ranges 
in the state capable of supporting 
these animals. 

Georgia will rapidly become a ma 
jor deer hunting state. Deer popula 
lion increases leave little doubl on 
this score. 

This is onlj one accomplishment 



of P-R work in Georgia. Other P-R 
projects include the following: 

Effects of hunting pressures on 
deer herds are watched to assure an 
adequate harvest and that the re- 
source is not over-harvested. 

Work has continued throughout the 
fire-ant control program to carefully 
evaluate its effects on bob-white quail 
populations as well as other birds and 
animals. 

Mourning doves and wood-ducks 
are trapped, banded, and inventoried 
to furnish correct information to U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service who estab- 
lishes the annual hunting regulations. 

Inventories continue on all native 
game species to determine changes 
in wildlife populations and to assist 
the Commission in establishing an- 
nual hunting regulations. 

Altamaha Waterfowl 
Management Area 

In 1954. P-R funds purchased ap- 
proximated 30.000 acres on the Al- 
tamaha River Delta in Mcintosh 
County for a waterfowl wintering 
ground and public shooting area. 
Dikes have been constructed to con- 



trol the water level on 6,000 acres, 
producing waterfowl food in abun- 
dance. The area is open for the hunt- 
ing of all game species during the 
regular seasons, with the exception 
of that portion of Butler's and 
Champneys Islands adjacent to U.S. 
Highway 17. This portion is closed to 
all hunting. The remainder of the 
area is open without special permit 
during the regular seasons. Much of 
this area has been diked and is man- 
aged primarily for waterfowl: how- 
ever, other game species benefit from 
these practices. 

Altamaha is rapidly becoming a 
duck hunters paradise. Georgia hunt- 
ers should take full advantage of this 
vast management area. 
Management Area Development 

This project provides management 
and development of the wildlife man- 
agement areas. This is a big job. Some 
V> million acres of land are under 
management, primarily for big game. 
All are open to public hunting and 
restoration is carried out when game 
populations warrant. This is our larg- 
est and most extensive project. Ii 

(continued on page 25) 




How to succeed at 

CAMP COOKING 



Experienced Nimrods in the field 
agree that sandwiches are good, but 
as a steady diet they get tiresome. 
Since the better hunting and fishing 
sites are usually miles and hours 
from commercial eateries, camp cook- 
ing is almost a necessity. With a 
little knowledge and pre-planning, 
camp cooking is a rewarding exper- 
ience that every camper should try. 
The smell of camp cooking, and the 
unique thrill it offers the taste buds 
adds a rich accent to the joy of out- 
door recreation. 

Here are some tips every camper 
should pack with his cooking gear. 
The Fire 

Experts as well as novice campers 
agree that there are two basic types 
of camp fires: 



those that burn 



With the log rest fire 
DRAFT 



DRAFT 




and those that don't burn 




A frayed stick makes 
a good starter in wet weather. 




All outdoor Georgia is abundant 
with pine rosin wood that makes a 
good starter in w< j t weather. 




or the pyramid type fire 



Good ventilation is the secret of a 
good fire. 

There are several methods of mak- 
ing good cooking fires: 



If a large skillet is 
used the fire should 
be sided with stones. 



Tin siding, slate or 
strip sandstone can 
be used for a large 
cooking surface to 
accommodate sever- 
al cooking utensils. 






A split log, staked 
in place, is another 
good method. 




Charcoal burners 
are handy where 
transportation is no 
problem. 



Oak or hickory make good, slow- 
burning cooking fires. 



Cranes for holding 
water or stew pots 
should be made from 
green forked sticks. 





TUtensiles 

< 




iQ 



i i i 
i 1 1 

i i i 


e^ 



ifi 



Cooking utensils should be chosen 
by considering their weight and bulk 
in transportation. If the camp ground 
is accessible by auto, there is no 
reason for not having all the comforts 
of home right down to the cast iron 
skillet and ice chest. 




or using a pole pegged down or bal- 
anced with a rock. 



Fried fish is the favorite prepara- 
tion in outdoor cooking. Fish such 
as small bass, trout or yellow perch 
should be prepared whole by scaling 
or skinning, drawing and severing 
the spine in several places to prevent 
curling during cooking. 

The strong, fishy taste of large bass 
and carp can be eliminated by skin- 
ning, soaking a short time in a soda 
and water solution, then re-soaking 
in a salt and water solution for at 
least one-half hour. 



and 



Prepare fish such as large bream 
id small crappie by splitting. 




Prepare fish such as bass, pike, 
sucker and catfish as a fillet. Filleted 




fish is easy to eat since most of the 
bones are removed. In preparing 
suckers, a large amount of small pin 
bones will remain after preparation. 
Sever these bones by making a few 
cross cuts with a sharp knife. They 
fill fry crisp and can be eaten with 
no trouble. 

A mixture of milk and beaten egg 
is a good batter for fish. Soak the 
fish in this mixture then roll in bread 
crumbs, flour or cereal crumbs. Fish 
should be fried in grease around 
380°F. 




Pork, bear and raccoon and several 
wild animals should be thoroughly 
cooked before eating. Trichinosis, a 
muscle parasite can be present in 
these animals and transferred to hu- 
man beings if these meats are under- 
done. Beef and mutton, on the other 



hand, can be served as rare as de- 
sired. 

Bacon should be cooked at low tem- 
perature until crisp. Rapid cooking 
causes it to curl up and not cook 
thoroughly. Use absorbent paper to 
remove excess grease. 

Beef ribs should be seared with a 
high heat. This retains the juices and 
flavors during cooking. Open-fire 
braising should be done with a med- 
ium high heat. Braised meat should 
be seasoned before cooking and 
turned often. Brown pork chops 
thoroughly then cook with low heat. 
Add water and simmer before serv- 
ing for extra tenderness. Hamburgers 
should be seasoned before cooking 
with a high heat and turned only 
once. 

The secret of a good steak is very 
high heat and quick cooking. The 
outside should be seared quickly to 
seal in the juices. Just enough beef 
tallow to lubricate the skillet is better 
than grease. Heat the skillet to a 
heavy smoke before adding the steak. 




QOO 

01 . fa 



Nothing equals the flavor, aroma 
and cheerfulness of hot coffee on a 
crisp, early morning outdoors. The 
success of many an outing can be 
attributed to the coffee pot. Good 
strong coffee with a bite to it is a 
must around the camp. In the out- 
doors, nothing holds a candle to old- 
fashioned boiled coffee. 

There are as many ways to make 
coffee as there are coffee makers. 
but five put- waier to one part roller 
steep-boiled for fifteen minutes is 

standard outd s. A pinch or two of 

salt helps and a few egg shells throw n 
in will separate the grounds. 




Eggs are standard equipment for 
campers, and a few boiled eggs can 
be found in the pocket of most hunt- 
ers and fishermen. 

Try this light bacon or mushroom 
omelet on your camping trip. Cook 
bacon and dry on absorbent paper or 
saute mushrooms and stems in butter 
until done, drain and set aside. Using 
three containers, place whites of eggs 
in one, yolks in the second and an 
equal amount of heavy cream in the 
third. Beat all three with a hand 
beater or fork until light and fluffy. 
Wash beater between each operation. 

Fold cream and whites together, 
add yolks and fold with as few strokes 
as possible. Add a pinch of sugar for 
a brown crust. A pinch of soda makes 
a lighter omelet. 

Melt a pat or two of unsalted but- 
ter and smear over heated surface. 
Pour in the mixture and cook until 
base is firm but top is still runny. 
Add bacon or mushrooms then fold 
over to form half circle. Cook until 
the middle firms up. Serve with jam. 

Patience is a virtue in the outdoors. 
Learn how to control the heat of 
your fire and give the fire plenty of 
time to get hot but not enough to 
overheal your cooking. Heat is the 
most important element in any cook- 
in venture. With practice a sense 
of proper cooking temperatures can 
he acquired. 

\ properly seasoned skillet is an- 
other cooking must. To season a 
skillet, rlran all packing grease and 
oil awa\ with detergent. Heat until 
verj hot. thru smear the cooking 

SUl Faces W ith a piece of heel tallow . 

Beef tallow do,- not heroine rancid 
like other oils and is a good rust 
preventative. 




Recently the Coweta County 'Pos- 
sum Eaters Convention celebrated its 
Golden Anniversary at Newnan. 

How did they do justice to this 
momentous occasion? 

With banquet tables groaning un- 
der the weight of hundreds of pounds 
of steaming possum and "taters with 
all the trimmings — how else? 

This unique convention of 'possum- 
on-the-platter fanciers developed from 
a quiet, informal get-together of two 
Newnan citizens back in 1912 to a 
present organization numbering al- 
most 200 members. This growth has 
taken place despite the fact that mem- 
bership in the Club is hard to come 
by. Before it was moved into larger 



facilities, new members were admit- 
ted only when a member died or 
moved away. Even now applicants 
must out-do themselves to show a gen- 
uine, lip-smacking passion for this 
traditional Southern dish before their 
applications will even be considered. 
The best way to get a place at the 
possum table is to inherit it. Power, 
position or influence won't help be- 
cause the place cards already read 
like the Newnan Bluebook. In view 
of the fact that Coweta County is one 
of the wealthiest per capita areas in 
Georgia, these influential 'Possum 
Eaters add real prestige to lowly ole 
B'rer 'Possum, and of course, to the 
'possum eating cause. 




Master of Ceremonies, Rev. R. P. Seegars of West Point (center), verifies membership 
by requiring hungry participants to display official sign of the Convention. An opposum 
hanging by his tail from a persimmon tree is a traditional sight in Georgia; hooking 
little fingers together symbolizes this familiar pose. 



^"W-"' 




The Convention's history is ob- 
scured by both legend and enthusiasm 
but its beginning is well documented. 
Two prominent Newnan citizens, J. A. 
Blakely and Henry Richards returned 
from a successful opossum hunt and 
brought their animals to Bud Gay. 
a restaurant operator, for his special 
preparation. Inviting three Methodist 
ministers to share their feast, hosts 
and guests alike agreed then and there 
to hold another banquet the next 
year. 

It was not long until 'possum eat- 
ing enthusiasts crowded Bud's small 
restaurant to capacity and the Club 
was forced to close its doors to hungry 
latecomers. Bud Gay became famous 




"A dish fit for a king!" Robert McKoon and Henry Chapman think so, anyway. To 
these 'possum eaters, the joy of eating the game equals the joy of catching it. This 
platter of 'possum, 'taters and Bud Gay gravy disappeared fast when these two sat 
down to the banquet table. 




for his possum, taters, and Bud Gay 
gravy. He continued to serve platters 
of 'possum with all his special trim- 
mings to these happy few until his 
death in 1946. 

Most of the old-timers are gone. 
bul the tradition of these founding 
Possum Eaters lives on. At the rec- 
ent Convention, 162 pounds of mouth- 
watering roast 'possum and two 
bushel baskets of baked sweet po- 
tatoes were quickly consumed l>\ 
eager Eaters - a veritable Georgia 
eating org) ! 

President Bob McKoon. who in- 
herited his |iost from his Father iii 
1958, says that the Club has never 
lost a member except to death and 
distance. The loyalty of 'Possum Eat- 
ers is truly phenomenal. Through 
these 50 years Bud Gay's recipes, a 
closely-guardf il secret, has never been 
stolen nor duplicated bj an) foi eign 
power. This Ioyalt) was best sum- 
med up in a poem composed b) 



Blakely, himself, who served as Presi- 
dent until his death in 1951: 
"When 'possums get fat 
An 'tatters get sweet, 
It's the natural time 
'Possum eaters meet." 
To understand this deep-rooted 
passion for 'possum, one very dis- 
tinguished-looking gormet, who had 
already cleaned his plate, was asked 
for a suitable commenl based on his 
sage experience 

He sat back, patted his stomach 
affectionately, smiled and drew his 
napkin across Ins face. Without hesi- 
tation, lie turned and in a surprising!) 

commanding voice said : 

"Somebod) please pass that platter 
back dow n this \\a\ !" 

One thing is certain. As long as 
there are possum caters in Coweta 
County, one da) in each year will be 
sel aside for the sole purpose of let- 
ting taste buds blossom on fat. juicy 
'possum. 



GAME LAWS 



DOVE SEASON 

Georgia dove hunters will have a split season for 
migatory dove hunting. 

The first phase will be open for hunting Sept. 15 
through Oct. 14. The second phase opens Dec. 7 and 
closes Jan. 15. 

Shooting will be allowed from 12:00 noon until sunset. 
Daily bag limit for doves will be 12, with a possession 
limit of 24. 

DUCKS 

Georgia's duck season is somewhat different this year. 
Hunting gets underway at noon Nov. 21 and extends 
through Dec. 30, 1962, for all ducks except canvasbacks 
and redheads. Coots are included. 

The daily bag limit on ducks (except canvasbacks and 
redheads for which the season is closed) is three, pos- 
session limit six ducks. The daily bag and possession 
limit for coots is six. 

The daily bag may not include more of the following 
species than: 

Two mallard or black ducks, singly or in the aggre- 
gate of both kinds; 

Two wood ducks and one hooded merganser. 

The possession limit mav not include more of the 
following species than (a) four mallard or black ducks: 
(b) two wood ducks and, (c) 1 hooded merganser. 

In addition to other bag and possession limits, two 
additional scaup ducks are allowed in the daily bag 
limit and four additional scaup in possession. 

LICENSE FEES 
Res- hunting and fishing $3.25, hunting $2.25. 
ISon-res. small game $10.25, big and small game 
$20.25. Preserve hunting only, non-res. only $5.25. 
Archery: Res. $2.25. 

BOBWHITE QUAIL 
Nov. 20, 1962— Feb. 28. 1963. Bag limit 12 daily, 30 
weekly. 

WILD TURKEY 
Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 5, 1963 in Screven. Effingham. Chat- 
ham, Bulloch, Bryan. Liberty, Evans. Candler, Mc- 
intosh, Long, Tattnall, Wayne, Glyne, Camden, Brantley. 
Ware, Charlton, Stewart. Marion. Chattahoochee and 
Muscogee Counties. Bag limit two for season. 

Nov. 20, 1962-Feb. 28, 1963 in Thomas, Grady. De- 
catur, Seminole, Baker. Dougherty and Calhoun Counties. 
Bag limit two for season. 

RABBIT 
Nov. 20, 1962-Feb. 28, 1963. Daily bag limit five in 
Heard, Coweta, Spalding, Butts, Jasper, Putnam. Han- 
cock, Warren, Glascock. McDuffie, Richmond and all 
counties north of the above-listed counties. Bag limit for 
all other counties will be ten daily. 
OPOSSUM 
Oct. 15, 1962-Jan. 31, 1963, except Coweta County, 
which will be from Oct. 2, 1962 to Jan. 31, 1963. No 
bag limit. 

RACCOON 
Oct. 15, 1962-Jan. 31, 1963. No bag limit. 



RUFFED GROUSE 

Oct. 15. 1962-Jan. 5, 1963. Bag limit three daily. 

SQUIRREL 

Oct. 15. 1962-Jan. 5, 1963, in Harris, Talbot, Upson. 
Monroe. Jones. Baldwin. Hancock, Warren, McDuffie. 
Richmond and all counties north of the above-listed 
counties. 

Opening date Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 5, 1963, in all re- 
maining counties. Bag limit ten daily in all counties. 

BEAR 

Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 5, 1963, in Echols, Clinch, Charlton. 
Ware, Brantley, Camden, Glynn, Wayne, Mcintosh, Long. 
Liberty, Bryan and Chatham. No bag limit. All other 
counties in state closed. 

ALLIGATOR 

Closed. 

DEER 

Nov. 1, 1962-Nov. 15, 1962— Gilmer. Murray, Fannin. 
Union. Lumpkin, Towns, White, Rabun, Habersham. 
Stephens, portion of Banks County lying north of Ga. 
Hwy. 51, Talbot, Henry. Butts, Monroe. Jasper. Jones. 
Putnam. Baldwin, Greene. Hancock. Warren, McDuffie. 
Columbia and portion of Morgan county lying south of 
U.S. Hwy. 278, and portion of Lincoln county lying 
south of U.S. Hwy. 378. and portion of Wilkes county 
lying east of Ga. Hwy 47 and south of US. Hwy. 378. 
Bag limit one buck only with visible antlers. 

Nov. 1. 2. 3. 1962— Paulding, Dade. Walker, Chattooga. 
Floyd. Polk, and Haralson Counties. Bag limit one buck 
with visible antlers. 

Nov. 1. 1962-Jan. 5. 1963— Muscogee, Stewart, Chat- 
tahoochee. Marion. Glascock, Jefferson. Screven, Bulloch. 
Effingham. Tattnall. Evans. Bryan. Chatham. Liberty. 
Long. Mcintosh. Wayne, Glynn. Brantlev. Camden, Ware. 
Charlton. Clinch. Irwin and portions of following coun- 
ties: 

Emanuel county — portion lying east of U.S. Hwy. 1 
and north of U.S. Highway 80. Tift County — portion ly- 
ing east of U.S. Hwy 41 and north of U.S. Hwy. 82. 
Echols County — portion lying east of Alapaha River. 
Washington County — portion lying east of Ga. Hwy. 15 
and north of Ga. Hwv. 24. Burke County — portion lying 
east of U.S. Hwy. 25. Bag limit two bucks with visible 
antlers. 

Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 3. 1963, Candler County, each Thurs- 
day only. Bag limit one buck with visible antlers. 

Nov. 1, 1962-Jan. 5, 1963, Baker, Calhoun, Dougherty, 
Grady, Thomas, Decatur and Seminole Counties. Bag 
limit one buck and one doe or two bucks. 

The total bag limit for deer must not exceed two deer 
per hunter during the 1962-63 season. The killing of more 
than two deer per hunter is a violation of regulations. 

Bows for the purpose of taking deer are legal during 
the regular hunting season and must have minimum 
recognized pull of 40 pounds. Bows must be unstrung 
when transported or possessed in or upon motor vehicle. 
Archery license is required for the hunting of game with 
how and arrow. 



10 



GOOD 

BETTER 

BEST 



■ 






*%*^' : 



■■&>. 






* 






By Malcolm Edwards 
Wildlife Biologist 
Georgia National Forests 



4mf& 









Signs predicting a good hunting season are as welcome to 
the wildlife biologist as to the hunter. One of the most im- 
portant signs is the mast crop. An abundance of red and 
white oak acorns, hickory nuts, dogwood, and black gum 
berries are signs of good hunting. In the Chattahoochee, all 
these are in good supply, except hickory nuts. The first 
bumper crop of oak mast in several years is rapidly maturing. 
The mast crop looks particularly good in the vicinity of Brass- 
town Bald, Suches, Duncan Ridge, and the Cohutta Mountains. 

Both "bitter" (red oak) and "sweet" (white oak) mast 
are present this year. Deer will invariably take either 
white or chestnut oak acorns first. Sweet mast is usually 
gone by December, and they turn to bitter mast during critical 
late winter. For this reason, Forest Service standards insist 
on trees of both groups being grown. Locate a patch of white 
oaks which are bearing and you should find plenty of deer sign. 




National Forest official Art Grumbine (left foreground) has a look at the buck taken by a party of Brookton, Georgia, hunters. 



Mrs. Fred Fields of Brookton, Georgia, 
proudly displays a Georgia buck taken on 
Chattahoochee National Forest. 




Deer can make out without mast, but 
a plentiful supply of this high-protein 
food fattens deer so that they will 
usually bear twin fawns rather than 
one. or none. The mast crop's effect 
is important to the hunter's harvest. 
The hunting season is set to coincide 
with rutting time because bucks are 
moving during the day. Activity at the 
rutting season depends to a great 
extent on the weather and the physi- 
cal condition of the deer. A good mast 
crop results in a vigorous rutting 
season and a much higher kill. Deer 
are too numerous in several places, 
so be sure to turn out for the "any 
deer" hunts set by the Game and Fish 
Commission. 

Wild turkey, another Chattahoo- 
chee favorite, is on the increase. Wild- 
life Rangers and Forest Service work- 
ers report big increases in many 
places. Elm spanworm, which has 
damaged so much timber, furnishes a 
readily available supply of food and 
is believed to be partially responsible 
for this upswing. 

The weakest link in the life chain 
of wild turkey is the period when 



flightless poults are being led around 
by the hen searching for insects. Pre- 
dation is very high at this time. Even 
so, next spring's gobbler hunts should 
be productive. 

Grouse hunting is a fast growing 
North Georgia sport. Many hunters 
have just discovered this fine game 
bird, although residents have always 
hunted them. Local hunters report 
a record population. Some good 
grouse ranges are Brasstown Bald. 
Soapstone Creek. Corbin Creek, Tal- 
lulah River. Duncan Ridge. Copper 
('reek, and the Cohutta Mountains. 

After a trip or two, most hunters 
quickl) recognize a place that looks 
"grousy." One tree usually found in 
the better grouse cover is black birch. 
Grape\ ines. evergreen cover of rhodo- 
dendron, laurel, hemlock, beach and 
maple, are usually favorites with 
grouse. 

A good dog helps. Grouse are skit- 
tish and w ill run. so a careful "single 
type dog is best. Any dog will some- 
times Hush wild. One piece of advice 
for grouse hunters is to always hold 
your gun at ready. 



Our lop forest game animal popu- 
larity-wise is the squirrel. Unfor- 
tunately, poor mast crops of the past 
several years has caused a squirrel 
shortage. Squirrels are scarce and 
just how fast they will build up is a 
matter for conjecture. However, 
squirrel hunting prospects are better 
this season and should be excellent 
next year. Some species have had 
tough sledding on the Chattahoochee 
for several years. But there is a pro- 
fusion of food available now. Grapes, 
black cherries, sassafras berries, dog- 
wood berries, mountain ash, and all 
types of acorns are plentiful. By 
searching out white oak acorns, a 
persistent squirrel hunter should have 
plenty of shooting, and he'll prob- 
ably locate a good deer stand in the 
bargain. 

[continued on page 24) 




Dogwood berries are fine wildlife food. Good mast and other wild- 
life food production this year indicate an excellent hunting season. 



Mr. and Mrs. Fred Fields of Brookton, Georgia, enjoy a hunting-camping visit to 
the Chattahoochee National Forest near Suches, Georgia, on Rock Creek. 




13 




of the 
hunters 

The only big game hunting that hundreds of thousands 
of able-bodied men do and ever will participate in, and 
some women too, is the quest of the Whitetailed Deer. 
Under efficient game management this species has in- 
creased to the point of becoming a hazard to motorists 
in some suburban areas, and counties now are open 
that have not had a deer season for 50 years or longer. 
With the exodus to the woods in late fall there inevitably 
follow the headlines: Ten Hunters Die from Heart Attacks 
in Week. 

Such startling statements are indisputable. Their omi- 
nous portent warrants further inquiry, because from sta- 
tistical methods it is possible to derive ridiculous con- 
clusions. 

Are They Hunting Fatalities? 

If a man garbed in hunting clothes while driving to 
or from a deer habitat succumbs to a heart attack, he is 
considered by the press as a "hunter death." The same 
man on another day traveling the same route as a sales- 
man and afflicted in like manner would be reported as 
an "unfortunate death." Surprisingly enough, 26 per 
cent of heart attacks occur during mild physical activity 
such as driving a car or normal housework. 

If the hunter stopped at a motel enroute and expired 
during the night, he would be among the ten hunter 
deaths reported for that week. But evidence supports the 
fact that 23 per cent of coronaries occur during sleep, 
and 40 per cent from 9 p.m. to 6 p.m. when the average 
hunter is engaged in nothing more strenuous than holding 
four aces or bending an elbow. Rest, the panacea for all 
ills, is exactly what 27 per cent of patients were engaged 
in when they get their heart attacks. If our hunter was 
sitting quietly on a stump near a runway and his athero- 
matous plaques of long standing suddenly occluded a 
coronary vessel, he too would be among the maligned. 
From the foregoing we deduce that three fourths of all 
coronaries occur while the patient is asleep, resting, or 
engaged in mild activity. 

But what about the Herculean efforts of the hunt dur- 
ing inclement weather? The slogging through marsh, 
over hills, the battle through brambles which leaves one 
bowed, breathless, and fatigued; the jangling of adrenals 



14 



with every questionable moving shadow and snap of 
twig? Alas, only two per cent (sic) of heart attacks are 
accompanied by severe physical activity. And moderate 
activity as performed in the building trades was the effort 
extended when ten per cent of the patients were struck. 
The innocuous automatic activity of walking was the 
pursuit of 13 per cent of heart attack cases. 

To gather for several days to a few weeks lOO.OOO men 
whose ages range for the most part from the late 30s 
through 60s clad in red or yellow with firearms in hand, 
and extrapolate this figure into a recognizable community, 
it then becomes a city of at least half a million inhabi- 
tants. Coronary deaths occur in such communities with 
methodic frequency each week of the year, and there lies 
no public cognizance of this except for an occasional 
outstanding citizen. But the autumnal headlines will have 
their day. 

When Emergencies Arise 

Cardiac emergencies arise in the field as well as else- 
where, but their diagnosis and treatment are more diffi- 
cult at certain times. Often a seemingly healthy patient 
asks his physician for a few simple rules by which he 
could recognize a coronary in himself or his hunting 
companions. He knows of the pain and radiation in the 
left shoulder and arm. He knows too that what often 
appears to be a gastrointestinal upset may be more ser- 
ious than that. Deep boring, unremitting pain sub- 
sternally persisting for hours indicates to him grave 
condition. These findings assocated with pallor, sweating, 
and uneasiness indicate the onset of shock, especially if 
the pulse becomes rapid and thready. 



It is mandatory now for the afflicted to remain at rest, 
being made as comfortable as conditions permit. Above 
all. he must be kept warm. To walk for aid or exert any 
physical effort with such findings is to trudge to almost 
certain death. The Finnish lumberjacks, rugged woods- 
men that they are, were recently studied in this respect, 
and the deaths or serious complications were in direct 
relationship to the activity expended, as in walking, after 
the onset of coronary symptoms. Witness too the number 
of silent coronaries found by ECG or autopsy examina- 
tions. The patient's past history after careful interroga- 
tion may reveal that persistent neuritis in the left arm and 
hand years ago; or an upset stomach that lasted a week; 
perhaps that painful pluerisy in the middle of the chest 
long ago could be the clue. Yet these patients remained 
at rest for a number of days or weeks, had no doctor, and 
probably used some nonspecific home remedies, and 
eventually recovered from their attacks. 

In the field when a coronary is suspected, the prime 
consideration is to combat shock. Absolute rest is impera- 
tive. Move the patient only if this can be done by litter 
and with no physical expenditure on his part. Aid must 
be sought with dispatch. If the distances are great, medi- 
cal aid and appropriate transportation must be brought to 
the suspect. 

In every deer hunting area there lives the almost legen- 
dary septogenarian who has put venison on the table for 
many years. He no longer joins in the drive across the 
lower 40 but sits quietly upon a stump. And there he 
probably will die. 




DIALOGUE 
A 
DUEL 





1 . An ordinary dog, out for an afternoon stroll 





2. Spies a young doe, taking it easy in the sun 



3. The dog gives chase and soon overcomes the deer . . . 








4. And then the fight begins . . . 




5. Dumbfounded and tired, the deer is no match 



6. And is soon overcome by the hungry pack 






7. A pathetic cry seals the deer's doom. 



The biggest problem confronting Georgia's deer managers is 
wild and free-running dogs. These vicious killers, most of them 
abandoned by their owners, take more deer every year than all 
hunters combined. What can be done about it? This is the serious 
problem. Dog owners should keep their animals penned as much as 
possible. Unwanted pets should be given to Humane Societies or 
some other organization with facilities to care for or dispose 
of them. Until wild and free-running dogs are under control, 
Georgia's wildlife population cannot reach its full potential. 



18 




DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION ITEMS AND FIELD NOTES 

Compiled by Bob Short 



Three healthy Georgia bucks have landed their owners 
in the Boone and Crocket Club, a world-wide organiza- 
tion dedicated to accurate record-keeping and trophy 
hunting. 

All of the prize deer came from middle Georgia, which 
is without doubt one of the finest deer hunting areas in 
the nation. 

Virgil Avant bagged his entry in Jones County with a 
shotgun in 1956. The animal, now in possession of Tom 
Folds, scored 174 Boone and Crocket system points. 

Robert M. Simmons of Macon bagged a 10-point buck 
in Jones County that scored 161 Boone-Crocket system 
points and John R. Bennett scored 151 points with another 
10-pointer that came from Monroe County. 

A Game and Fish Commission employee, Game man- 
agement chief Jack Crockford, is a region judge for 
Boone and Crocket. Another local representative and 
judge is Walter J. Shaffer. 10 Park Lane, N.E., Atlanta, 
Georgia. 

Both Mr. Crockford and Mr. Shaffer can judge and 
measure trophies. Hunters who desire their services 
should contact them and make arrangements to have 
their trophies judged. 

Youth Program 

The Game and Fish Commission Information and 
Education division will soon embark upon a youth edu- 
cation program for grade and high school children. 
Details on the program are available now from the I&E. 
401 State Capitol. Atlanta. Ga. All interested FFAers. 
4-Hers and school teachers are invited to inquire. 
# * * 

Cedar Creek Area 

The Slate Piedmont Game Management Area has a 
new name. From now on, it will he known as the Cedai 
Creek area. This is a welcome change, since hunters 
(and others) always confused the state's Piedmont area 
with the federal Piedmont Wildlife Refuge. Cedar Creek 
is one of the state's finest deer areas. 

The Izaak Walton League again is sponsoring a do-it- 
yourself program to restore landowners' confidence in 
America's hunters. It's called Hunt America Time. 



The program is in two parts. One effort is directed at 
hunters. Izaak Waltons encourage hunters to be law 
abiding, respect the rights and property of others and 
use extreme care with fire and firearms. 

Judging from the amount of mail on the subject, 
hunters should heed the message and make every effort 
to save hunting by cooperating with landowners. 

•X- * * 

The Georgia Game and Fish Commission has denied 
a request by Fort Stewart's fish and wildlife association 
to open the military reservation for doe hunting this 
season. 

Commission Director Fulton Lovell said strong public 
protest from counties that border the military installa- 
tion is one reason for the denial. 

Lovell also pointed out that the request came to the 
Commission's attention too late for action this year. 

(Continued on page 30) 




1. Killed by Virgil Avant, 1956, in Jones County with shot- 
gun. 1 74 points Boone & Crockett system for world record list- 
ing. 2. Killed by Robert M. Simmons, 1960, in Jones County 
with 30-06 Rem. Pump. 161 points, B&C. 3. Killed by John 
R. Bennett, 1960, Monroe County, with Model 70-. 243. 151 
points, B&C. 4. Killed by Fred Greene in Jones County, 1961, 
with 30-06. 5. Killed by Jimmy Toolsby, 1961, in Jones Coun- 
ty, with 16 go. slug. 6. Killed by Victor Simmons, 1961, in 
Jones County, with 30-06. 7. Killed by Tommy Bilderback, 
1959, in Jones County, with 7.7 Jap (note long freak tines on 
back of each main beam). 



19 



A peek at what's ahead in 

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION 



By FULTON LOVELL 

This is a particularly significant time for all of us. 
Georgia has decided its fate for the next few years and 
the horizon looks bright. 

The State has gone through the long count-down. Now, 
it's ready for the lift-off. 

Especially is this true in the field of wildlife conserva- 
tion. 

The success or failure of any wildlife conservation pro- 
gram is measured by the sportsman's harvest. 

Using this formula as a yardstick, the Georgia Game 
and Fish Commission's program has enjoyed another 
year of phenomenal success. 

Game management . . . fish management . . . research 
and development have all shared the limelight. 

But. what's done is done. 

What's ahead is of greater interest at the moment. 

Game and fish conservation in Georgia is taking a new 
look to keep in step with the times. 

With a stable wildlife population now a reality, the 
Game and Fish Commission intends to re-evaluate the 
changing needs of recreation and bring into focus new 
trends in leisure living in Georgia. 

These trends indicate greater activity and more demand 
for outdoor recreation. 




The increasing pace accelerated by space age ingenuity 
and technical progress insures outdoor recreation of 
increasing popularity. And, as greater numbers of people 
flock outdoors, the problems for wildlife conservationists 
become more complex. 

The role of the Game and Fish Department has been 
determined by this trek to the out-of-doors. The die is 
cast. 

Unlike the past, the job of the Game and Fish Depart- 
ment is neither to prohibit mass enjoyment of sports 
afield b) over-regulation, nor to allow the public to run 
roughshod over each other and public facilities. 

We have geared our program to meet these problems. 

We are exploring every avenue to provide additional 
outdoor recreation space. We know the row. Now, we're 
going to hoe it. 

Presently, Georgia has over one-half million acres of 
land under managemenl for controlled hunting. But this 



will fall short of the needs within the next decade. If 
we are to continue to provide Georgians with good 
hunting conditions in years to come, we have no other 
alternative except to expand game management onto 
private property. 

Realizing this, the Game and Fish Commission has 
plotted its course. We're on target. 

Within a short time, announcements of several coopera- 
tive agreements with large landholders in the state will 
almost double Georgia's present public hunting areas. 

This comes on the heels of the most widespread deer 
stocking program in Georgia's wildlife history. 




A few months ago, the Game and Fish Commission 
released some 680 whitetail deer in depleted areas 
throughout the state. 

Within the next five years, there will be deer in every 
Georgia eounty capable of supporting and sustaining 
them. 

We will not fail the hunters of Georgia who have given 
us faith and cooperation. 

Much has been said recently about the lack of natural 
areas, nature centers for youth, convenient and unspoiled 
places for our seniors citizens to hunt and fish and sani- 
lar\ areas for campers, nature lovers and picnickers. 

We do not propose to fail these Georgians, either. 

The first positive step in this direction has ahead \ 
been taken. The Game and Fish Commission has developed 
a recreation site at its High Falls center to accommodate 
all outdoorsmen. regardless of their particular interests. 

For the fisherman, there's a well-stocked lake where 
angling success has been phenomenal. For the camper, 
there are sanitary campsites with garbage cans and clean 
toilets. For picnickers, there arc modern, clean picnic- 
tables sel in scenic surroundings. And. for those who 
want nothing more than to admire nature, there are nature 
trails for hiking. 



20 



To insure proper utilization of this area, the Commis- 
sion has highly-trained biologists and technicians as well 
as field management personnel. They're hard at work 
every day to give nature an assist toward producing 
peak populations of game and fish. 

But, we don't propose to stop here. 

By utilizing funds set up by the federal government, 
an additional 200 thousand dollars have been made avail- 
able to the Game and Fish Commission for development 
of High Falls. 

Under the same Area Redevelopment program, federal 
funds, matched by state monies, will finance the con- 
struction of another much needed trout hatchery. 

This new hatchery will not only permit the Commission 
to increase the fish population of existing streams, but 
also enable us to stock additional waterways capable of 
supporting this lively and popular fish. 

We have been assured of matching funds to pay the 
state's share of this joint investment by Governor Ernest 
Vandiver. 

We will not fail the fishermen of Georgia, either. 

Our programs of walleye stocking, sauger stocking, 
reservoir research, watershed investigations, pollution 
investigations, rough fish control programs, channel 
catfish releases and many other projects insure Georgia 
fishermen of a shorter time between bites in years to come. 

To make recreation more pleasant for water sports 
enthusiasts, the Game and Fish Commission will work 
toward the creation of more access roads, more public 
docks, more launching ramps and safer conditions on 
Georgia's lakes and streams. 

We will not fail you in our efforts to keep Georgia's 
water clean for recreation and industry. 

What this state needs is a positive water pollution 
policy, backed up with muscle and money. 

Clean and useable water is essential for the well-being 
of every single Georgian, not only for recreation but for 
the everyday essentials of life. 

Every bit of pollution that makes its way into the lakes 
and streams of Georgia robs our people of economic gain. 

Georgia will not continue to grow under these con- 
ditions. 




We are expanding our program tc 



tuti 



recreation in Georgia's coastal area. 

For the first time in history, the Georgia Game 
Fish Commission has employed a marine fisher) 



ologist along Georgia's coast. 

The duty of this technician will be, not only to insure 
saltwater fishing success in the future, but also to stud) 
recreational needs unique to Georgia's coast and institute 
programs to place Georgia foremost in the sport of salt- 
water fishing. 

In addition, the Commission will utilize ever) possible 
media to attract more people to Georgia's ideal coastal 
recreation and vacation advantages. 

We will not fail the coastal sportsman. 

Nor will we fail the future. 

We realize that every year brings more and more 
Georgians into outdoor sport activities. This is true, 
especially, with our young people. 

To best conserve our natural assets, it is necessan 
that our young people go into the outdoors with the 
proper spirit of cooperation and with a complete knowl- 
edge of their responsibilities. 

This is advantageous, not only for the Game and Fish 
Commission, but for every single Georgia hunter and 
fisherman. 

We will not fail to provide leadership for future 
Georgia outdoorsmen. 



■ 




. . 




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m*a*G& -~|j| - 


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and 
bi- 



The Game and Fish Commission, through its publie 
relations program, lias already undertaken a three phase 
training program for youngsters. 

The program consists of: 

(ionises in nature study to give young Georgians 
basic knowledge ol wildlife and wildlife needs and how 
nature maintain!- her balance. 

Courses in conservation projects, such as habitat resto 
ration, for both game and fish. 

\nd. encouragemenl and assistance in establishing 
junior conservation clubs with the cooperation of hunting 
clubs and sportsmen associations. 

Georgia is generoush ble.-sed with Nature'* bounties. 
Lei us join hands and dedicate ourselves to make Georgia 
trul) a land <>f milk and hone) for relaxing in the great 
outdoors. 



21 



BOATING 



with David Gould 



WINTERIZING YOUR BOAT AND MOTOR 



The 1962 boating season has ended and soon thoughts 
will turn toward warm, springish weather. But. unless 
boaters have taken the proper precautions about storing 
their boats and motors, spring may bring bad news. 

It's a good idea to have a marine dealer inspect your 
boat and motor after a season's use. Better still, it's wise 
to go one step further and have him store it for the 
winter and return it in the spring, tuned-up and ready 
to go. 

In case you prefer to winterize the boat yourself — 
a growing number of boaters do — here are some tips that 
will enable all boaters to be ready to go in the spring. 

If your motor has been used in salt water, it should 
be run a short time in fresh water before putting it 




away for the winter. Although modern motors are built 
to resist salt water corrosion and deposits, an internal 
flushing will remove all danger of rust. A cloth dampened 
in fresh water will remove any salt deposits from exterior 
parts of the motor. 

DRAINING MOTOR AND COOLING SYSTEM 

It is mandatory that all fuel be drained from the 
motor and the cooling system to be given a draining and 
flushing. 

The best way to drain fuel from your motor is to dis- 
connect the fuel line, and let the motor run until the 
carburetor is emptied. This can be done the last time the 
motor was used in the water — be sure to think of this 
next year. Also, remember to clean the fuel tank before 
storing the motor. 

To drain the cooling system, take the motor out of the 
water and place it in an upright position. Give the starter 
rope several pulls to remove all water from the pump 
and cooling passages and eliminate the possibility of it 
freezing during cold weather and cracking the block. 

CLEANING FUEL FILTER 

You should clean the fuel filter by removing the filter 
bowl and wiping it out. Clean the filter element and 
the bowl with benzine or clear gasoline. This precaution 
will prevent the formation of gum deposits. 

CLEANING SPARK PLUGS 

Be sure. too. to remove and clean all the spark plugs. 
While the plugs are out, squirt some good lubricating oil 
into the cylinder opening and at the same time rotate the 
flywheel manually. The oil will then be distributed evenly 
over the cylinder walls, pistons and rings and danger 
of condensation and formation of rust lessened. 

Internal parts may also be protected by injecting lub- 
ricating oil directly into the carburetor through the re- 
movable button on the air silencer. Again, give the 
starter rope several slow pulls. 

PROTECTING THROTTLE LINKAGE 

Protect all throttle linkage from possible rust or cor- 
rosion by applying a coating of grease to moving part?-. 

To drain the gear case, remove the drain plug on the 
motors skeg. Drain the case completely and refill with 
the type of outboard gear oil recommended by the manu- 
facturer. 

INSPECT THE PROPELLER 

Don't forgel to inspect the propeller. II it is bent or 
broken, lake il to a marine dealer for repair or replace- 



22 



ment. Although a propeller may not appear to be badly 
damaged, close inspection may reveal that it is out of 
pitch, a condition that can cause poor motor performance. 

CLEANING THE EXTERIOR 
Be sure to clean the exterior of your motor. Thorough!) 
clean the entire motor with a damp cloth. After it dries, 
go over the lower unit with a soft cloth to which a few 
drops of oil have been applied. The motor hook is best 
protected by polishing it with a good auto wax. 

STORING BOAT AND MOTOR 

A clean, dry storage place is a must for storing your 
boat. Try to avoid areas of excessing dampness and dust. 
The motor should be stored upright on a stand or rack 
that is off the floor. 

Don't cover the motor with a material that will seal 
the moisture in. It's far better to leave it uncovered 
completely. Dust can be removed much quicker than rust 
caused by moisture trapped inside the covering. 



Here are a few points to remember when putting 
your boat away: 

Remove all gear to keep excess weight out of the boat. 
If it is stored on a trailer, release the transon hold- 
downs and the winch rope to avoid unnecessary pres- 
sures. Be sure that the weight of the boat is resting on 
the tongue of the trailer and the transom support. If 
the rollers are pushing up against the boat bottom, the 
boat can easily develop a hook which can seriously affect 
its performance. 

The trailer should be blocked up to keep the weight 
off the tires. It's a good idea to remove the wheels and 
inspect the wheel bearings. If water has slipped past the 
seals, the bearings will be susceptible to rust. Remove 
and thoroughly clean the bearings and repack with 
the proper type of lubricant. 

By following these procedures you will avoid costly 
repair bills and when spring rolls around, you'll be all 
set to take to the water. 




RE-REGISTRATION DUE 
on Boats Registered in 1960 

Thirty-five thousand Georgia boat owners must re- 
register their boats during the next two months or lose 
their present numbers, the Game and Fish Commission 
said today. 

Commission director Fulton Lovell said existing regis- 
tration numbers will not be held open later than Dec. 31. 
Boaters who do not w i-h to be assigned another numbei 
should re-register before the deadline. 

Georgia s motorboat law requires re-registration of all 



boats with motors in excess of 1(1 horsepower even three 
years. Dee. 31, 1062. is the upcoming deadline. 

Lovell said all boats originally registered in I "it' 1 
must re-register before Dee. 31. Boat owners who 
registered their craft in L961 have until Dee. 31, 1963, to 
reclaim their present numbers. 

Applications for re-registration nun be obtained from 
hunting and fishin" license dealers throughout Georgia, 
or from the Game and Fish Commission's boat registration 
division, 101 State Capitol Building, \tlanta, Georgia. 

Lovell said all applications and mone) orders should 
be mailed to the Commission's boating division. 



23 



THE HUNTER'S ETHICS 

By JOHN MADISON and ED KOZICKY 



In hunting, as in everything else, 
there are givers and takers, some 
men give advantage: others take it. 

The "giver" respects and cherishes 
the game he hunts and takes it in a 
sporting manner — offering it advan- 
tage — or doesn't take it at all. He 
puts his own comfort and enjoyment 
second to that of his companions, and 
makes an effort to learn the life ways 
and needs of wildlife to the end of 
making himself a better hunter or 
conservationist. He's the guy who may 
take a neighborhood kid out plinking. 
or spend the last day of his vacation 
hunt trailing a crippled buck. 

The "taker" is self-centered to a 
fault. He may not obviously violate 
the hunting ethic by hogging game or 
shooting birds on the ground, but he 
feels obligation only to himself. 

None of us is perfect. In some re- 
spects we're all "takers" and have field 
traits which offend our partners or 
aren't fair to the game we're hunting. 
The fact is, a few small faults in a 
partner help cushion our own. A 
Jones cap is more becoming to a 
hunter than a halo. 

But a high personal ethic is re- 
flected in a sincere respect for others' 
property - - whether it's a borrowed 
knife or a borrowed game covert — 
and for others' rights. The knife is 
rarely borrowed, for a genuine hunter 
knows that hunting gear is as personal 
as a man's toothbrush. But anything 
he must borrow is returned in top- 
notch condition, and is borrowed only 
once. The same respect is shown 
borrowed hunting country. The 
"giver" knows that trespass is often 
regarded as a personal insult by land- 
owners, and he does not use a man's 
land without his permission. He also 
feels that finding a place to hunt is 
his own duty, and not that of the 
government or of friends. 

It is sometimes necessary for the 
giver to take, but when he does so he 
responds with genuine gratitude and 
usually some token of appreciation. If 
granted permission to hunt on private- 
property, he feels obligated to repay 
lliat favor in some way — maybe an 
off-season visit, a dinner invitation or 
some personal letters. And if friends 



share their favorite hunting grounds 
with him, he returns in kind. 

This basic consideration is also di- 
rected toward the game he hunts. The 
"giver" will go to any end to recover 
crippled game, and lost game is a blot 
on his conscience. Game brought to 
bag is promptly and carefully pro- 
cessed to insure high table quality and 
no waste. It isn't donated to a neigh- 
bor's garbage can, uncleaned and 
maybe even tainted. When the ethical 
hunter makes a gift of game — which 
he may rarely do — he gives the best 
birds and choicest cuts to people who 
will appreciate them. He regards both 
friends and game too highly to treat 
either with disrespect. 

The ethical hunter's interest is not 
a sometime thing that blossoms only 
in October. He has a solid stake in 
hunting that manifest itself in all sea- 
sons, for he feels obligated to pay in 
some measure for the enjoyment he's 
had during the hunting season. Maybe 
he joins spring planting programs 
of his local sportsmen's club, or rides 
herd on legislation, or is active in 
youth training program. 

Gun safety is a religion with him. 
He "knows the gun" and makes no 
unreasonable demands of it. He knows 
its capabilities and how to use it 
safely, effectively and mercifully. He 
is often an all-season shooter who 
takes pride in his gunning, not only 
for shooting's own sake but as an 
effort to harvest game cleanly. He 
invariably keeps a hunting dog, know- 
ing that such a dog will reduce 
crippling losses of game and add im- 
measurably to the sport. 

Such a man gives much to the men 
who hunt with him. the boys who are 
influenced by him. and to the game of 
hunting itself. And in giving advan- 
tage rather than grasping it selfishly, 
he richly rewards himself as well. 



The authors are with the conservation 
department of the Olin Mathieson Chemi- 
cal Corporation, East Alton, Illinois. 

* * * 

The woodcock never sees what she 
eats. By driving her three inch bill 
into the mud, her highly sensitive tip 
feels earthworms upon which she 

feeds. 



Chattahoochee 

(continued from page 13) 

The Areas 

Lake Burton — 15,000 acres in the 
Chattahoochee National Forest in 
Rabun County. Open for deer hunt- 
ing and spring gobbler hunting. 

John's Mountain — 22,000 acres lo- 
cated in Gordon County. Recently 
stocked with deer and turkeys, it pro- 
vides excellent hunting for both spec- 
ies. 

Blue Ridge — 15,000 acres in the 
Chattahoochee National Forest. Ex- 
cellent deer and spring turkev hunt- 
ing. Small game abundant. 

Chattahoochee — 35.000 acres in the 
Chattahoochee Natitonal Forest in 
White County. Excellent deer and 
small game hunting. 

Wanvoman — 15,000 acres in the 
Chattahoochee National Forest in 
Rabun County. Excellent deer hunt- 
ing and small game. 

Lake Russell — 18,000 acres in Hab- 
ersham and Stephens. Beautiful Lake 
Russell, located in a valley between 
scenic mountains, harbors an abun- 
dance of deer and small game. 

Camping is permitted on all game 
management areas. Hunters are in- 
vited to set up camp in designated 
places. 

Wildlife rangers are always on 
hand during managed hunts to help 
hunters to select camping sites and 
offer advice on the best places to 
hunt. Special hunts are held on many 
of the areas for archers. Areas and 
dates of the hunts are always an- 
nounced by the Game and Fish Com- 
mission. 

December is set aside as small game 
hunting month on many of the Game 
and Fish Departments game manage- 
ment areas. 

During that month. squirrel, 
grouse, raccoon, opossum and rabbit 
hunters are given an opportunity to 
pursue their favorite game in some 
of the best habitat to be found any- 
where. 

Because they are intensively man- 
aged by game technicians, small game 
animals are abundant in game man- 
agement areas and a hunting trip into 
an) one of the open area- usuallv 
pav s off for hunters. 



24 



Pittman-RobertSOn (Continued from page 5) 



includes all phases of development 
activities. Small game and waterloul 
are produced in quantity on many of 
these areas. 

Wildlife Trapping and 
Restocking 

This project furnishes brood stock 
of deer and turkeys for management 
areas. P-R has trapped and restocked 
on carefully selected sites, over 2,100 
white-tailed deer and 100 wild 
turkeys. 

Farm Game Habitat 
Development 

Initiated on July 1, 1943 for res- 
toration and development of farm 
game habitat, this program consists 
largely of the distribution of planting 
materials to farmers, landowners, and 
other people interested in setting up 
a farm game management program. 

Planting material consists of Bi- 
color lespedeza seedlings and an an- 
nual seed mixture of several choice 
quail foods. These materials are 
available in limited quantities during 
January or February; however, ap- 
plications must be made with the 
local Wildlife Ranger prior to No- 
vember 15th. 



Ten investigational studies arc I ic- 
ing conducted to obtain answers to 
management problems of keeping 
abreast of trends in game population 
conditions. These studies include 
work in wildlife diseases. Little has 
been known previously of most wild- 
life afflictions. 

Effects of hunting pressures on 
deer herds are watched to assure an 
adequate harvest and that the re- 
source is not over-harvested. 

Work has continued throughout 
the fire-ant control program to care- 
fully evaluate its effects on bob-white 
quail populations as well as other 
birds and animals. 

Mourning doves and wood-ducks 
arc trapped, banded, and inventoried 
to furnish correct information to 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service who 
establish annual hunting regulations. 

Inventories continue on all native 
game species to determine changes 
in wildlife populations and to assist 
the Commission in establishing an- 
nual hunting regulations. 

These P-R projects have been a 
boon to Georgia hunters in the past 
and will continue to do so in the 
future. It can be said that Pittman- 
Robertson does, indeed, help fill the 
hunter's bag. 



GAME LAWS 
ALL HUNTERS 
NEED TO KNOW 

Opening dates begin with sunrise 
and closing dates end at sundown on 
dates specified. 

It is unlawful to hunt in Georgia 
while under the influence of any in- 
toxicating beverages. 

Each Deer and each Wild Turkey 
killed must be reported in writing to 
the Georgia Game and Fish Commis- 
sion within five (5) days. 

Firearms for Deer are limited to 
shotguns loaded with slugs or No. 1 
buckshot or larger, or to rifles using 
any center fire cartridge .22 calibre 
or above with the following excep- 
tions: .25-20: .32-20; .30 Arm) Car- 
bine: .22 Hornet or .21!! Bee. 

It is illegal to kill or possess the 
meat of an) female deer, except in 
counties where the taking of doe is 
legal. 



When hunting rabbits, squirrels, 
opossum, raccoon, it is unlawful to 
use or have in possession for the 
purpose of so hunting shotgun shells, 
if using shotgun larger than size 
No. 4 shot, or if hunting with a rifle, 
shells larger than .22 calibre. 

Regulations on Migratory Game 
such as Doves, Ducks, Geese, Brant. 
Rail and Coot are the same as Fed- 
eral Regulations, which must be pub- 
lished as soon as established. 

Regulations as to hunting, trap- 
ping and fishing in the Management 
Area of the- Chattahoochee National 
Forest, arc promulgated jointly by 
Federal and State authorities and will 
be published when established. 

Shotguns must be plugged to limit 
then to a capacit) ol 3 shells on 
both Native Game Birds and \nimal- 
and Migrator) bird-. 

Hunting hours- Sunrise to Sunset. 
Exceptions Raccoons, Opossum and 
Fox. 



Ranger Bob's 
Nimrod's Notebook 

One of the several thousand non- 
fatal hunting casualties last year was 
a youngster showing sonic ol bis 
friends how he shot himself the year 
before with a .22 rifle. This time he 
used a shotgun and put a chilled bud 
of No. 6s into his right foot. 

Almost all hunting accidents are 
the results of situations that could 
have been avoided. When you go 
afield, live by the 10 Command- 
ments of Safety: 

1. Treat every gun with the respect 
due a loaded gun. 

2. Guns carried into camp or home, 
or when otherwise not in use, 
must always be unloaded, and 
taken down or have actions 
open; guns always should be 
carried in cases to the shooting 
area. 

3. Always be sure barrel and action 
are clear of obstructions and 
that you have only ammunition 
of the proper size for the gun 
you are carrying. Remove oil 
and grease from chamber before 
firing. 

4. Always carry your gun so that 
you can control the direction of 
the muzzle even if you stumble; 
keep the safety on until you are 
ready to shoot. 

5. Be sure of your target before you 
pull the trigger; know the iden- 
tifying features of the game you 
intend to hunt. 

6. Never point a gun at anything 
you do not want to shoot; avoid 
all horseplay while handling a 
gun. 

7. Unattended guns should be un- 
loaded; guns and ammunition 
should be stored separately be- 
yond reach of children and care- 
less adults. 

8. Never climb a tree or a fence or 
jump a ditch with a loaded gun: 
never pull a gun toward you by 
the muzzle. 

9. Never shoot a bullet at a flat, 
hard surface or the surface of 
water; when al target practice, 
be sure your backstop is ade- 
quate. 

10. \\oid alcoholic drinks before 
or durins -I ting. 






25 




YOUTH AFIELD 

Things to do in winter 



Winter is a wonderful time of the 
year for many interesting things to 
do. It is also a time when young 
people can be great assistants to 
nature in helping her perform many 
of her chores. When the weather is 
unusually severe we have nice warm 
homes and schools to go to and plenty 
of food in the kitchen. But outside, 
our wildlife friends must bear the full 
force of winter and the hard condi- 
tions it brings. Most of them have 
warm fur coats, thick layers of in- 
sulating fat, or other means of pro- 
tecting themselves from the winds 
and snow, but no grocery stores or 
food lagers to rely on for food sup- 
plies. This is especially true among 
the bird family. 

Why not help nature feed the little 
birds during the long winter? You 
will be greatly rewarded by the many 
beautiful songs and colors of all 
kinds of birds that will be attracted 
to your feeders. 

So many different kinds of bird 
feeders may be built that we are 
not listing materials and procedures 
for each type. These are several dif- 
ferent kinds, all of which can be 
built from easily obtained materials, 
at home or at school. 

The window shelf, No. 1, can be 
built as plain or as fancj as you 



want it. A roof can be put over it to 
keep off rain and snow, or the shelf 
may be protected by a window awn- 
ing. The weathervane feeder, No. 2, 
if mounted so that it can turn freely, 
will be turned by the wind so that 
the closed side is always toward the 
wind, so that the birds may feed in 
the sheltered space. 

For birds that eat insects and other 
animal life, suet is a good substitute. 
Put the suet in a wire holder No. 6, 
or a knitted bag, No. 4, and suspend 
from a branch, clothes line, or other 
support. Or put the suet in a piece of 
hail screen attached to a tree trunk 
or pole, No. 3. 

Self feeders like No. 5 are ex- 
cellent for birds that prefer grain or 
weed seeds. You can think of several 
other kinds of bird feeders. All sorts 
of boxes or containers can be used. 
Do not paint the feeders — birds seem 
to feel more at home with weathered 
wood than with painted wood. 

Other even simpler feeders are 
possible. For example, you may drive 
several large nails through a board 
and fasten the board, with nails pro- 
truding, to a pole or tree. Suet balls, 
apples, slices of bread, pieces of meat, 
or other food may be stuck on the 




protruding nails. Suet balls are made 
by kneading together equal parts of 
mixed grain and ground suet, and 
molding the mixture into balls about 
two inches in diameter. 



Bird feeders serve to attract birds 
to the home or school yard where the 
children may watch them at close 
range. The kinds of birds that use 
each type of food provides an inter- 
esting study. In severe weather the 
lives of many birds may be saved by 
regular feeding. 

RABBIT FEEDER 

Materials 

large juice can 
coat hanger 

Procedure 

Select an empty juice can that has 
both ends in place. Using tin snips, 
cut an opening in the side of the can, 
and remove the tin. This opening 
should be about three inches wide 
and extend almost the full length of 
the can. 

Make a hole in each end of the can. 
With wire cutters, cut a coat hanger 
in two and place the cut ends in the 
holes made in the ends of the can. 

Hook the end of the coat hanger 
over a bush low enough for rabbits 
to reach the food placed in the can. 
A variety of food can be put in the 
can. 

Value 

Children can feed the rabbits, 
especially when the ground is covered 
with snow. Keeping food out for 
rabbits may keep them from barking 
young trees and rose bushes. 

RAIN GAUGE 

Materials 

coffee can or any flat bottom 
can with straight sides 
steel tape or plastic rule 
board, 6 x 12 inches or so 
nails 

Procedure 

Fasten the can to the board by 
driving nails all around the outside 
of tlic can. being careful not to make 
an) holes in the can. Place the board 
with the attached can in an open 
space, being careful to have the board 
level. To measure the rainfall, place 



26 



one end of the tape or rule against 
the bottom of the can, being careful 
to hold the tape or rule upright; read 
the number and fractions of inches at 
the water mark. 

Value 

Children will be able to keep rec- 
ords of the rainfall, and to compare 
the amount of rainfall with that of 
other localities and stations. 

LITTLE CLIMATES 

Materials 

2 one-quart Mason jars 
2 Kerr jar rings 



1 can black enamel 
I paint brush 
solder and flux 
sandpaper 

Procedure 

With sandpaper clean the top sur- 
face of the Kerr jar rings. Apply flux- 
to the surface of the jar rings. Solder 
the tops of the two jar rings together. 
Care should be taken to keep the tops 
of the rings together as the solder 
melts and flows between the tops 
surfaces before it solidifies. Snap 
clothes pins will help to hold the lids 
securely as they are being soldered. 



Paint one jar black. When dry 
screw the black jar in one of the 
rings and the clear jar in the other. 

Half gallon jars which have the 
same mouth size as the Kerr jar rings 
may be used if a larger container is 
desired. 

Value 

This piece of apparatus will allow 
children to observe behavior or in- 
sects or other small animals in re- 
sponse to changes in temperature, or 
to light and darkness. Many other 
types of observation can be made by 
the children. 



New Public Hunting Area Open 



A 28,000-acre public hunting area 
for small game in Bartow and Chero- 
kee counties opened this fall. 

Twenty-four thousand acres of the 
land are a part of the timber lands 
owned by Georgia Kraft Company, 
and the remaining 4,000 acres are 
owned by the U. S. Army Corps of 
Engineers. 

"The multiple use of Georgia Kraft 
Company timberlands is an impor- 
tant contribution to the people of 
Georgia, particularly at a time when 
public recreation participants are 
overloading public recreation facil- 
ities," Lovell said. 

The area will be managed by Com- 
mission wildlife biologists, who will 
work to increase small game yields 
through a program designed to fit in 
with the prevailing forest manage- 
ment practices. 

Mr. E. V. McSwiney, vice president 
of Georgia Kraft Company, has ex- 
pressed his company's pleasure with 
the agreement in accordance with 
Georgia Kraft Company's policy of 
multiple use of company-owned forest 
lands. 

Mr. McSwiney said that "timber 
crops are not the only benefit from 
company-owned forests, but hunting, 
fishing and other recreational activi- 
ties are also important products of 
the forests." 

I hoc land> in Bartow and < ihei o- 
kee counties are a part of Georgia 
Kraft's woodlands operations in Geor- 
gia and Alabama. Georgia Kraft Com- 



pany, one of the largest paper board 
manufacturers in Georgia, operates 
mills at Macon and Rome. 

Operations were begun in Georgia 
in 1948. Over 100 professionally 
trained foresters supervise Georgia 
Kraft's wood procurement and wood- 
lands program, promoting and en- 




couraging forest conservation and 
proper land use on private land- as 
well as practice of good forestry on 
the company's timberlands. 

Mr. Jack Crockford, chief of game 
management for the Commission, said 
thai the area will be open for public 
hunting in accordance with state 



hunting regulations, and hunters may 
seek all types of game that have an 
open season in the counties involved. 
Furthermore, it is not necessary for 
a hunter to make prior arrangements 
or to secure a special permit for 
hunting on these lands. All hunters 
using these areas are urged to stay 
within the marked boundaries and be 
extremely careful with fires. 

The State Game and Fish Commis- 
sion will provide the necessary game 
management development on the land 
and carry out the necessary enforce- 
ment work in exchange for these pub- 
lic hunting rights. 

Complete information about this 
new public hunting area, which will 
be open during the regular state hunt- 
ing season, is available from any 
wildlife ranger or from the State 
Game and Fish Commission office in 
Atlanta. 




27 



HUNTING SUCCESS 

. . . the yardstick for your Wildlife Administration 



One of the Georgia Game and Fish Commission's pri- 
mary purposes is to produce the maximum number of 
wild game species for hunters and still maintain sufficient 
brood stock for perpetuating the species. The best way 
to judge the success of the season is an annual estimate 
of the wildlife harvest. 

The knowledge of the yearly take of game birds and 
mammals means the same to wildlife management as 
the volume of sales does to business. 

One out of every twenty sportsmen in Georgia will 
receive a game harvest questionnaire from the com- 
mission requesting information on his hunting activities. 



Three and one-half year old, 
285 pound buck deer killed 
by Dr. C. T Rainey on No- 
vember 4, 1962 in Greene 
County, Georgia. Dr. C. T. 
Rainey is a staff member of 
the Department of Clinics 
and Medicine at the Univer- 
sity of Georgia's School of 
Veterinary Medicine. 




This questionnaire will be the method used to estimate 
the annual take of wildlife to insure wise management 
and wise use of license fee funds. 

The animals being investigated are deer, turkey, quail, 
rabbit, squirrel, mourning dove, ducks and geese. Sports- 
men are requested to give, by counties, their total kill 
and days hunted for each species. Through modern statis- 
tical methods, the total kill can be estimated. 

The number of people to receive questionnaires in each 
county will be in proportion to the total sales of licenses. 
This information will determine where sportsmen are liv- 
ing in relation to the game species hunted. 

Obviously, where the sportsman lives is not enough. 
In recent years, the hunting population has changed. 
Many people have moved to the cities. But each year 
they go hunting. But where do they hunt and what? The 
knowledge of the distribution of hunting pressure for 
game species taken is of paramount importance. This 
information will help to insure properly regulated harvests 
of your wildlife resources. Also, new restoration and 
development projects can improve hunting for the pre- 
ferred game near the sportsmen. 

All sportsmen can help. Encourage everyone receiving 
a questionnaire to return the desired information soon. 
It does not matter how much or how little you have 
hunted. Each questionnaire received is of equal impor- 
tance. A high response is needed to achieve our goals. 
We hope you are willing to help. 



HOW OLD IS OLD? 

One man's middle age is another's youth, the saying 
goes. This is especially true among the various species of 
animals. While most realize giant tortoises reach a pretty 
ripe old age (circa 150 odd years/, it is a bit startling to 
find out swans have lived as long as 102 years. In the in- 
terest of curiosity everywhere, the Winchester News 
Bureau gives us the following information: 



Animals* Years 

Parrot (B) .__ 80 

Elephant (M) _ 69 

Grt. Horned Owl(B) 68 



Alligator (R) 



(,;; 



Snapping Turtle (R)_ 57 

Eagle (B)_ 55 

Giant Salamander I A ) 55 

Horse (M) 50 

Hippopotamus (M) 19 

Chimpanzee (M) 40 

Toad I \ I 36 

Grizzl) Bear (Ml 32 

Bison (M) 30 

Lion (M) 30 



Animals'" 
Bullfrog (A)_ 
Cobra (R)_. 
Tiger (M)_. 
English Sparrow (B) 
Elk (M) 
Cottonmouth (R) 
Mountain Lion (M)_ 
Beaver (M) 



) I'll IS 

30 
28 
25 
23 
22 
21 
20 
19 




Wolf (M)_ 16 *M — Mammals; B — Birds; R- Reptiles; A — Amphib- 

Squirrel (M)_. - 16 

Chipmunk (M) 12 



Kills 



Giant Tortoise 
Box Turtle I R 
Swan (B) 



i; 



152 
123 
L02 



(Note: These examples of old age have been chosen from 
the reliable records of zoos and aquariums all over the 
world; it is entirely possible certain species have achieved 
and do achieve older ages in their native environment.) 



28 




SAINT 

or 

SINNER 



Is the bobcat a saint or a sinner? 

Studies at the Cooperative Wildlife 
Research Unit at Auburn indicate he 
is both. While he has been known 
to feast on livestock and poultry, the 
bobcat also eats such farm economic 
pests as rats and mice. 

Often called the "wildcat," the bob- 
cat probably occurs throughout Geor- 
gia. It lives in mountain areas, 
swamps, fields, and forests. Trapping. 
hunting, and poison campaigns have 
failed to exterminate this cunning 
creature. 

Food recovered from stomachs of 
1 15 bobcats between 1947 and 1951 
provide a clue as to the cat's eating 
habits. As shown on the accompany- 
ing chart, rabbits provide 61.1% of 
the volume <>f food for bobcats dur- 
ing the \car. The rabbit was the bulk 
ol fin id 1 1 ii the cat in every month 
of the year. 

Deer provided I 1.5' < of the food. 
Den are eaten mosl frequently in 
Januar) and February. No deer meal 
was found in bobcats stomachs from 



May through August. Most of the 
deer eaten by the bobcat may consist 
of dead or wounded animals, since 
this food item was usually consumed 
during and following the hunting 
season. 

Contrary to expectations, wild 
turkey was found in only one stom- 
ach. Quail was found in only two 
stomachs and made up less than 2% 
of the diet. Domestic chickens were 
found in three stomachs, for a total 
percentage of 3.5. Remains of one 
mallard duck, several song birds, and 
one hawk were found. Squirrels made 
up 4.3% of the bobcat's food and 
were eaten most frequently in Decem- 
ber, January, and February. Rodents, 
including rats and mice, made up 5' < 
of the diet. These were eaten in the 
greatest numbers from June through 
August. Raccoons and possums con- 
stituted I..')', of the diet. 

These eating habits put the bobcat 
in both good and had brackets. Cer- 
tainly, he is not as "black" as often 
painted. 



Birds 

5.9% 

Rabbits 

65. 1 % 



«* 



Rodents 

5.0% 

Predators 

4.3% 

Deer 

14.5% 



4PP 



Squirrel 

4.3% '-> 



V 



29 



Short Casts 



(Continued from page 19) 



Fort Stewart is a 279,000 acre reservation near Hines- 
ville. Some 600 deer were harvested on the installation 
last year. 

Lovell said the denial in no way eliminated the possi- 
hility that the Fort may be opened for doe hunting in 
the near future. 

Lovell said an education program is needed to teach 
sportsmen that deer herds must be controlled by an 
adequate annual harvest. 

* # * 

If you're in the market for a good buffalo steak — you 
can get one from the U. S. Government. 

A total of 233 buffalo, 75 elk and 137 longhorn cattle 
were sold from three federal refuges in Oklahoma, Mon- 
tana and Nebraska recently. 

In case you want to get in on next year's sales, here 
are the prices: 

Buffaloes went for $180 each on the hoof. Butchered 
elk sold from $110 to $145. Prices on longhorns varied. 

* * # 

The old saw about big lures catch big fish is a common 
enough expression around the tackle counter. But how 
true is it, particularly in today's era of tiny cheese baits 
for trout and poppin' bugs for bass. 

Some energetic fishing folks put their heads together 
on the subject and came up with some interesting obser- 
vations that suggest this bit of "country wisdom" might 
have considerable merit. 

First off, they admit, fish are not prone to follow any 
rule that might be devised, and that a great many fish 
seem to go out of their way to be the exception. But. 
it was agreed, under given conditions the largest fish 
would be taken by larger types of lures and baits. Some 
examples: 

( 1 ) That in day-in-day-out fishing, a large minnow 
would produce more fish than a smaller one, and it 
would attract more of braggin' size. 

( 2 1 That the cold water species such as lake trout 
and deep running rainbows would respond to large 
spoons, streamer flies and lures quicker than their pygmy- 
sized cousins. In this category, it was noted that a goodly 
gang of spinners, shiny eels and other odds of flashing 
hardware preceding the barbed attractions seemed to en- 
hance the delectible qualities of the offering. 

( 3 I The clincher, perhaps, came in discussing the pop- 
ularity of black lead heads with pork rind which are used 
so successfully in taking lunker bass in the south. This 
combination, working even during the dark of the moon, 
totals up to eight or nine inches in length, but seems to 
be just the ticket for the voracious largemouth. 

Now, watch the fish prove 'em wrong. 

Small Game Hunts 

Georgia's wildlife refuge management areas will open 
loi small game hunts on Fridays and Saturdays Decembei 
7 through December 29. 



Deer hunting on all management areas will be 
on November 19, 20, and November 22 through 24. 
Bag limit will be one buck deer with visible antlers. 

An "any deer" hunt is scheduled for the Blue Ridge. 
Chattahoochee, Chestatee, Lake Burton, Clark Hill and 
Cedar Creek (old Piedmont Area) game management 
areas on November 26. 

Due to the small size of the Clark Hill area, permits 
will be limited to 150, and will be available on a "first 
come, first served" basis. 

Baited Fields 

One of the most confusing conservation laws to be 
enforced in recent years is the regulation against shooting 
doves over bait. 

The puzzling part of the law has been the interpreta- 
tion of exactly what constitutes a "baited field." 

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service last year issued a 
bulletin giving an interpretation of baiting regulations. 
Hunters may shoot: 

( 1 ) Over grain fields seeded in a normal agricultural 
manner. 

( 2 ) Over standing crops. 

I "> I Over flooded standing crops of grain or other feed, 
including aquatics. 

I I I Over grain crops properly shocked on fields where 
grown. 

(5) Over standing grain or other feed crops grazed 
by livestock. An example of this is a hogged down corn 
field. 

(6) Over grain found scattered as the result of normal 
agricultural harvest. 

(7) Over weed fields, pasture lands, wooded or other 
areas where salt, grain or other feed has not been 
scattered or deposited so as to constitute a lure or attrac- 
tion for such birds. 

( 8 1 Over fields where grains or other crops have 
fallen to the ground from natural causes. 

(9) Over burned areas from which crops have been 
removed, or on which no agricultural grain or seed crops 
were grown during the current year. 

(10) Over farm ponds or other water areas which 
have not been baited. 

* * * 

The three areas where it is illegal to hunt migratory 
game birds are: 

( 1 I Over bait — or by means, aid and use of bait — or 
on or over any areas where grain, salt, or other feed 
capable of luring or attracting such birds is placed, de- 
posited, distributed or scattered except as the result of 
a normal agricultural planting or harvesting. 

(2) Over feed lots where grain is present as a result 
of feeding livestock. 

(3) Over arras where grain crops have been cut down, 
dragged down, knocked down, burned over or otherwise 
manipulated and left on the ground. 



30 



Ranger Bob's 
Nimrod's Notebook 

All deer hunters agree that the real thrill in hunting 
is bagging a buck, but those who have enjoyed properly 
cooked venison around the campfire — or in the luxury 
of their dining room — know that eating it is equally as 
enjoyable. 

When you bag your buck — and your chances are 
greater than ever nowadays - - try this deer hunter's 
delight. It's called deer loin steak. 

Cut a slice of deer loin an inch and one-half thick. 
Place it in the skillet with one tablespoon of butter. Cook 
the loin five minutes on each side, then reduce the heat. 
Add a glass of port wine and simmer for 20 minutes and 
you have a real deer hunter's taste treat. 

* -X- * 

Patience is a virtue in deer hunting. It's been proven 
that the hunter who selects a stand and sticks with it is 
the one who gets the best shots. The hunter who stalks 
the wily buck sees more deer but gets less shots — and 
worse shots — than the still hunter. The hunter who uses 
dogs gets the least and worst shots of all. 

A buck deer is a very wary animal. Don't be dis- 
couraged if you see plenty of does but no bucks. Just 
remember that, during rutting season, bucks are cautious 
and seldom seen, not nearly as frequently as does. Nature 
intended it to be that way. 

So, if you see only does on your next hunt — be patient. 
Probably she's serving as an advance guard for a wily 
buck and your quarry is somewhere around. 



OUR PUBLIC LANDS 

Celebrating 150 years of public land management, the 
Federal Bureau of Land Management's quarterly maga- 
zine, Our Public Lands, highlights the activities of the 
Bureau of Land Management, which is responsible for 
administering 167 million acres, some 20 per cent of the 
land area in the United States. The Bureau has charge 
of such varied activities as sales of oil leases for sub- 
merged lands off Texas and Louisiana, and control of 
forest fires in vast areas of Alaska. 

The 32-page special edition (April, 1962) printed in 
two colors, is available from the Superintendent of 
Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25. 
D.C. Single copies are 15 cents, and one-year subscriptions 
are 60 cents. 

DEER'S DEATH 'PUZZLES" OFFICIALS 

Wildlife officials couldn't understand how Mrs. Bertie 
Hell Miller and three (if her friends "held a deer to death." 

Mrs. Miller, age 15. was picking cotton in a field near 
Norwood when her husband, Ruben, was attacked by a 
buck deer. Mrs. Miller rushed to her husband's rescue, 
but the enraged deer turned on her and knocked her 
down. 

Then. Bertie Bell said, she and her husband and [WO 
Friends, Annie Howard and Baulice Franklin, both ol 
Norwood, grabbed the deer and "held" it to death. 

State Game and Fish Director Fulton Lovell said the 
deer died of strangulation. 




3 aiDfl DMSSM DM7b 



In keeping with the season, here are some mouth-water- 
ing recipes for deer, duck and rabbit. Successful hunters 
should try these delicious dishes. 

Stuffed Venison Shoulder 
Venison shoulder, boned 
1 cup chopped ham 
1 cup bread crumbs 
V2 teaspoon salt 
Ys teaspoon pepper 
1 carrot, sliced 
Vh teaspoon paprika 
1 onion, minced 
Small can mushrooms 
1 clove garlic, minced 
1 cup white wine 

Bone shoulder. Stuff with ham, bread crumbs, salt, 
pepper, paprika. Sew the shoulder. Braise with carrot, 
onion, mushrooms, garlic, white wine. When done, drain 
fat. brown flour, thicken sauce. 

Rabbit, Camp Style 

1 rabbit 

2 tablespoons lemon juice 
2 tablespoons butter 

1 teaspoon lemon juice 
Salt and pepper 
V2 cup white wine 

1 tablespoon parsley, chopped 

Skin, clean. Wipe with lemon juice. Rub with pepper. 
Cut into small serving pieces. Brush biscuit pan with 
melted butter. Add meat. Put over hot fire. Cook ten 
minutes. Salt well. Turn and cook 8 minutes on the other 
side. Add 1 teaspoon lemon juice, salt, white wine. Heat 

2 minutes. Serve. Skim off excess fat. For gravy, thicken 
with flour and water paste, add 1 tablespoon chopped 
parsley, let it come to boil and serve. 

Cantonese Duck 
2 wild ducks, 2 to 2V2 pounds (dressed weight ! 
Garlic salt and pepper 
4 sprigs parsley 
1 lemon, halved 
6 slices bacon 
V2 cup beer 
1 1 cup dry mustard 

1 •_> teaspoon accent 

2 tablespoons so\ sauce 
1 cup apricot preserves 

I tablespoon lemon juice 

I teasp 1 grated orange peel 

1 1 cup butter, melted 

Sprinkle dink- inside and out with >alt and pepper. 
Place 2 sprigs parsle) and 1 •_> lemon in cavit) of each. 
Covei breasts with bacon and fasten with string. For 
Cantonese sauce, stir beei into dry mustard. Stir in 
remaining ingredients except butter and heal in double 
boiler over ho) water. Place ducks breasts up in a baking 
pan. Roast in preheated 350 degree oven 15 minutes pei 
pound, basting frequentlj with butter and once with 
Cantonese sauce. Carve duck-. Serve with white rice, 
remaining Cantonese sauce and ale or beer. Make- I 
-i'i\ ines. 



CAMPING TIPS 



RIDGE POLE 
OF TENT 

NAILS TAKE 
THE PLACE 
OF HOOKS 




A CLEAN CAMP 

IS A HAPPY 

ONE! 



LENGTH OF SAPLING 
7" BY 2" FOR 

COAT AND HAT HANGER 



THIS WAY 

YOUR SOAP IS 

ALWAYS THERE 




WASH STAND 

MADE FROM 

SAPLINGS 



>PA 



3/16" IRON ROD LAID ACROSS 
TWO LARGE STONES M.AKES 
A HANDY COOKING GRATE 





IF THERE ARE NO STONES 
DIG A SHALLOW TRENCH 



THIS HANDY ITEM WILL SAVE 
A FEW SINGED FINGERS 



Coex 



TENT PEGS 

MADE FROM 

MATERIALS 

AF HAND 



SALT 



PEPPER. 




BftMfioo 



CRANES AND POT-HOOKS 
COME ir 




OORX 



SALT AND PEPPER CONTAINER 
MADE FROM PIECE OF BAMBOO 





A FIRST AID KIT IS 
A MUST IN CAMP 



BEFORE LEAVING A CAMP BE SURE YOUR FIRE IS DEAD OUT! 



Georgia Game and Fish Commission 

412 STATE CAPITOL BUILDING 
ATLANTA, GEORGIA 



SEC. 

u. 


34.66. P. L. 8. R. 

S. POSTAGE 




PAID 




ATLANTA. 
PERMIT NO 


GA. 
155 



Acquisitions Division 
Tn* University libraries 
The Ifiodversity of Georgia 
Atsbe&s* Oft* 
3 Capte*